Downloads and resources

An Asiatic black bear caged for its bile in a bear factory

For more information or to share the facts about bear farming, please use these resources.

From Cage to Consumer

This report presents the findings of an survey on illegal bear trade conducted throughout 2006.

The surveys were carried out in Australia, Canada, Japan, New Zealand, Republic of Korea, Singapore, Taiwan and the USA.

The report focuses in particular on what proportion of illegal trade in bear products globally is reported to originate from China and its bear farms. Information presented in the report includes:

  • The current legislation in each country relevant to bear trade.
  • The number of instances where illegal bear products were found on sale in each country.
  • Where indicated, whether the bear product originated from China.
  • The price range for bear products found on sale during the survey.

From Cage to Consumer Part 1 (PDF 1.4MB)
From Cage to Consumer Part 2 (PDF 2MB)

Finding Herbal Alternatives to Bear Bile

In its campaign to bring an end to bear farming, WSPA recognises that herbal alternatives to bear bile need to be identified.

With this in mind we are now in the process of identifying both individual herbs and herbal formulas that are known to have the same properties or effects as bear bile. As we work to do this, WSPA strongly believes that collaboration with the Traditional Medicine community is essential. This 2005 report looks at what we already know.

Finding Herbal Alternatives to Bear Bile (PDF 2.2MB)

The Bear Bile Business

Section One (PDF 958KB) of this 2005 report looks at the background to the issue: the supply and sources of bear products.

Section Two (PDF 394KB) considers bear markets and the international and national trades in bear products.

Section Three (PDF 222KB) focuses on the next steps: awareness and action on bear bile.

Bear markets are considered by country:

Australia (PDF 102KB)
Indonesia (PDF 377KB)
Japan (PDF 450KB)
Malaysia (PDF 616KB)
North America (PDF 254KB)
Singapore (PDF 229KB)
Taiwan (PDF 171KB)